For refugees and vulnerable people around the world, finding a stable income is a priority so they can support their families. In prolonged crises, the need for sustainable livelihoods is even more pressing. Refugees in particular face challenges in accessing opportunities in the labor market, including legal barriers, language obstacles, and limited networks. Without access to safe and decent work, people are unable to thrive and contribute to local economies. In the IRC’s economic recovery and development programming, we aim to support people to establish sustainable livelihoods. However, we often face three key challenges:
- We have some rigorous evidence on program approaches that work in certain contexts, but often not specific evidence on what works for refugees and other vulnerable populations in humanitarian settings
- We know the types of programs that work — like skills training and business grants — but we do not know the specific combination or dose of services to get the best results. For example: How much training? Does mentoring help or are trainings and grants enough?
- We separately have information on the evidence and how much it costs us to deliver employment-related services, but don’t always know how to evaluate impact relative to cost.Is the impact of business skills training strong enough (relative to other similar interventions) to justify $X worth of costs?
The IRC is collaborating with Georgetown University’s Initiative on Innovation, Development and Evaluation (gui2de) at the McCourt School of Public Policy to conduct a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in Nairobi, Kenya, to help us answer some of these key and pressing questions. Closing this knowledge gap will ultimately enable us to achieve better outcomes for our clients. We aim to look at the impact and cost-effectiveness of business grants, business skills training, and coaching and mentoring services for entrepreneurs. Our goal is to better understand the right bundle of services to deliver to clients who are receiving microenterprise support to achieve outcomes that improve their economic well-being.
The RCT focuses specifically on the microenterprise track offered at IRC’s Livelihoods Resource Centers in Nairobi. The microenterprise track offered by the IRC aims to address a number of barriers that clients may face through comprehensive services including:
- Literacy and numeracy training (if needed, administered as prerequisite to enrollment)
- Business skills training (Learn to Earn)
- Participation in a Village Savings and Loans Association (VSLA)
- Capital for business in the form of a business grant (cash)
- Coaching & mentoring
The RCT aims not only to evaluate the impact of a program that provides a combination of business skills training, coaching, and mentoring, but also to understand the contribution of its components and their impacts compared to cash grants of a similar value. In addition to this, it also explores clients’ willingness to pay for services, i.e. the monetary value that clients place on IRC services offered. Between August 2019-2020, the IRC team in Kenya will deliver three versions of the microenterprise track to clients in Nairobi county to understand the impact and cost-effectiveness of each track as compared to the others and to a control group. Georgetown University will conduct a baseline and an endline survey to capture the short-term (1 year) impact of the interventions.
The Airbel Impact Lab at IRC is a team of researchers, strategists and innovators committed to the accelerated design, rigorous evaluation and cost-effective scaling of the most impactful solutions supporting people affected by crisis.