Cities at the forefront of conflict and climate migration: Mitigating the risks of conflict over urban land and water in fragile contexts image

Empowerment

Cities at the forefront of conflict and climate migration: Mitigating the risks of conflict over urban land and water in fragile contexts

Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo

Forced migration and displacement are re-shaping cities and countries across the globe. More people are displaced by conflict and natural disaster today than at any point in history and the percentage of world population displaced is increasing. Climate change is widely recognized as a contributing and exacerbating factor in migration and in conflict. When people flee, in most instances it is not across borders but rather to closest cities. While much climate change research is focused on the push-factors for displacement, less is known on locations of settlement and the solutions to mitigate negative impacts and harness positive impacts of migration. Cities are at the forefront of responding to climate migration, yet many are ill-prepared and under-researched to manage growing urban populations. 

This study aimed to contribute to improving inclusive and equitable natural resource management in fragile and conflict-affected urban and peri-urban contexts affected by internal migration through enhancing knowledge of how displacement affects the governance of natural resources in these areas and identification of promising approaches in addressing problems that may arise. A literature review was completed along with a participatory comparative case study research in Maiduguri, Nigeria and Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Image of Maiduguri, Nigeria: Google, Maxar Technologies

The Airbel Impact Lab at IRC is a team of researchers, strategists and innovators committed to the accelerated design, rigorous evaluation and cost-effective scaling of the most impactful solutions supporting people affected by crisis.